Việt Nam enters the race to develop 6G

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VIETNAM, February 26 –

People experience 5G service in Hồ Chí Minh Square, Vĩnh Yên city. Viet Nam will start 6G research in 2022. – VNA / VNS Photo Hoàng Hùng

HÀ NỘI — The Ministry of Information and Communications has set up a steering committee on the research and development of sixth-generation (6G) wireless technology.

Led by Minister Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng, the committee is tasked with researching and proposing to relevant authorities strategies, mechanisms and policies on how to strengthen the development of 6G in the country.

It is responsible for monitoring research and development on standards, production and marketing of 6G technology in the world, as well as combining research, forecasting the development trends of domestic and international telecommunications markets.

The committee will also develop a roadmap for the research, testing, production and marketing of 6G equipment and services and propose solutions to support Vietnamese enterprises in the production and marketing of 6G equipment and services.

The move is in line with Việt Nam’s policy to develop 6G technology in 2022, highlighted by Minister Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng during a meeting last month. He said it is high time for Việt Nam to get ahead of the development curve and strengthen its digital infrastructure with the aim of becoming one of the world leaders in 6G technology.

Việt Nam is in the commercial test phase of 5G networks, provided by Viettel, VNPT and MobiFone in some major cities (only some areas) with an average download speed about ten times faster than 4G.

According to the press release posted on the ministry’s website, the ministry will eventually license 6G frequencies in 2028, before 6G is commercialized.

6G technology is the successor to 5G cellular technology which is expected to support data rates of 1 terabyte per second and will take us one step closer to the virtual world.

Several potential technologies are being considered as enablers of the 6G network, such as free-space optics, quantum communications, unmanned aerial vehicles, artificial intelligence (AI), and big data analytics. The application of 6G network is expected to help build a super-smart society with smart homes, smart transportation and smart cities to improve people’s quality of life.

According to the development cycle, each new generation of networks is usually deployed after 10 years, and 6G is expected to be commercialized by 2030. Countries around the world, including the United States, South Korea, China, Japan and Finland have already joined the race to develop the 6G network.

According to information technology experts, although it is the trend of the future, commercialization will depend on many factors such as user demand, terminal equipment and business investment performance.

However, early involvement in 6G research and design would benefit companies because once they hold patents related to communication standards, they could reap substantial benefits by selling software and equipment.

Currently, 4G networks cover 99.8% of the country, with the number of smartphone owners in Việt Nam increasing from 59.2% in 2018 to 75% in 2021. The Vietnamese government expects that from 2023 , all Vietnamese own smartphones, making the commercialization of 5G “an inevitable reality”. —VNS

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